The Year is 1927 ...

Charles Lindbergh flys nonstop from New York to Paris.

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti executed in Massachusetts for the murder and robbery of a factory paymaster and guard who were carrying over $15K through the main street of South Braintree, Massachusetts. American liberals and well-meaning people, troubled and outraged by the injustice of the legal process, joined more politically radical anarchists, socialists, and communists in protesting the verdict against Sacco and Vanzetti. While neither Sacco nor Vanzetti had any previous criminal record, they were accused as anarchist militants involved in labor strikes, political agitation, and antiwar propaganda with several serious confrontations with the law. They were also known to be dedicated supporters of Luigi Galleani's Italian-language journal Cronaca Sovversiva, the most influential anarchist journal in America, feared by the authorities for its militancy and its acceptance of revolutionary violence. Cronaca, because of its uncompromising antiwar stance, had been forced to halt publication immediately upon U.S. entry into World War I in 1917.

The Sacco-Vanzetti case was one of the first major responsibilities of J. Edgar Hoover, whose career was launched as the director of the General Intelligence Division in the Department of Justice. Sacco and Vanzetti's lies to hide their involvement in anarchist activities are thought to be the reason for the conviction of Sacco and Vanzetti. The execution is seen by many as the last of a series of events that had eliminated any sense of utopian vision from American life. The workings of American democracy seemed defective and unjust to many Americans and to the old world societies.

The Jazz Singer becomes first 'talkie' motion picture.

New York Holland Tunnel opens.

New York to London commercial telephone service connects.

Ford Model A released.

Arlington Park Racetrack
opens October 13, 1927

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