The Year is 1927 ...
Charles Lindbergh flys nonstop from New York to
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti executed in
Massachusetts for the murder and robbery of a
factory paymaster and guard who were carrying
over $15K through the main street of South
Braintree, Massachusetts. American liberals and
well-meaning people, troubled and outraged by
the injustice of the legal process, joined more
politically radical anarchists, socialists, and
communists in protesting the verdict against
Sacco and Vanzetti. While neither Sacco nor
Vanzetti had any previous criminal record, they
were accused as anarchist militants involved in
labor strikes, political agitation, and antiwar
propaganda with several serious confrontations
with the law. They were also known to be
dedicated supporters of Luigi Galleani's
Italian-language journal Cronaca
Sovversiva, the most influential anarchist
journal in America, feared by the authorities
for its militancy and its acceptance of
revolutionary violence. Cronaca, because
of its uncompromising antiwar stance, had been
forced to halt publication immediately upon U.S.
entry into World War I in 1917.
The Sacco-Vanzetti case was one of the first
major responsibilities of J. Edgar Hoover, whose
career was launched as the director of the
General Intelligence Division in the Department
of Justice. Sacco and Vanzetti's lies to hide
their involvement in anarchist activities are
thought to be the reason for the conviction of
Sacco and Vanzetti. The execution is seen by
many as the last of a series of events that had
eliminated any sense of utopian vision from
American life. The workings of American
democracy seemed defective and unjust to many
Americans and to the old world societies.
The Jazz Singer becomes first 'talkie' motion
New York Holland Tunnel opens.
New York to London commercial telephone service
Model A released.
Arlington Park Racetrack
opens October 13,