The Year is 1942 ...
President Franklin Delanor Roosevelt creates War
Production Board, calling for mass
New Deal, initiated in 1933, is put on hold. The
New Deal is President Roosevelt's plan to
attempt recovery and relief from the Great
Depression and to create standards to help
German U-Boats sink 60-100 oil tankers off the
outerbanks of Cape Hatteras. More ships are sunk
off Cape Hatteras in 1942 than at the Pearl
Harbor Attack in 1941.
U.S. troops arrive in North Ireland, signal the
first U.S. presence in Europe.
President Roosevelt approves internment of
Japanese-Americans for duration of World War II
Japanese submarine shells an oil field and oil
refinery in Ellwood and Goleta near Santa
Barbara, California. No injuries reported and
damage is minimal. The attack hastens the
roundup of Japanese-Americans for internment
Major James H. Doolittle leads a carrier
launched bombing raid of sixteen B-25's over
Tokyo on April 18, 1942. All of the B-25's,
except one either crash or crash-land. One lands
in Russia where the crew are prisoners for over
a year. They are released with the help of Great
Britain and Iran (May 29 1943). The raid is
re-enacted in Thirty
(1944) and Pearl
U.S. forces surrender in Phillipines (May
U.S. Naval victory over Japan at Coral Sea (May
U.S. Naval victory over Japan at Midway (June
U.S. invades Guadalcanal Island, marking U.S.
offensive in the Pacific (August 7).
First all-U.S. bombing attack of German forces
over Rouen, France (August 17).
Congress approves "Victory Tax" of wartime
Allies land in North Africa with 400,000
soldiers (November 7-8).
German submarine drops off four saboteurs on the
beach at Amagansett, Long Island (June 13).
Coast Guardsman John Cullen reports spotting
Germans on the beach, a departing submarine and
hidden explosives. FBI hot on the trail catch
and foil attempts to sabotage war production in
New York. Four German saboteurs land from a
submarine at Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida (June
17). Eventually a total of eight Germans are
convicted. Two are released and deported in 1947
to Germany for cooperating with U.S. and six are
executed in August, 1942.
Fire at Cocoanut Grove nightclub, Boston kills
wins an Oscar
for Best Picture