B-17 Bomber takes off for action. Boeing plants
built a total of 6,981 B-17s in various models,
and another 5,745 were built under a nationwide
collaborative effort by Douglas and Lockheed
(Vega) (Source: Boeing).
The Year is 1943 ...
"In wartime, truth is so precious that she
should always be attended by a bodyguard of
lies." --Prime Minister Winston Churchill,
Winston Churchill is the chief architect of
Operation Bodyguard, which is the code name for
the deception plan to distract the Germans from
the true mission of Operation Overlord, the code
name for the D-Day invasion. The Allies with the
help of Polish cryptographers crack the code of
the German encrypting device known as the ENIGMA
machine. Cracking the code allows the Allies to
monitor the reactions of the Germans to
deceptive moves made by the Allies.
Congress appropriates $100 billion toward World
Casablanca Conference signals the beginning of
the end for Hitler and Nazis. Franklin D.
Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill
demand "unconditional surrender" of the Nazis at
Casablanca, Morocco. President Roosevelt leaves
the U.S. and returns from Morocco in secrecy and
is the first U.S. president to leave the country
U.S. Marines finish remaining Japanese soldiers
President Roosevelt initiates wage and price
freeze to hold inflation.
U.S. and Great Britain invade Italy, including
Americans defeated by Germans at Kasserine Pass,
Roosevelt and Churchill meet Chinese Head of
Nationalist government Chiang Kai-shek at the
Cairo Conference. Allies agree to strip Japan of
all islands gained in the Pacific since 1914.
Allies agree to restore Chinese territories
stolen by Japan. Allies agree to strive to help
Korea become free and independent.
Roosevelt and Churchill meet Premier Stalin of
the Soviet Union at the Tehran Conference to
express their resolve to destroy Nazi Germany,
to help people live free and untouched by
tyranny and to confirm alliance with Iran.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower is named Supreme
Commander of Allied Forces in Europe.
Congress approves federal income tax
Race riots in Detroit and Harlem kill 40.
Detroit is the most important production center
during World War II and is known as the "Arsenal
of Democracy." The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People accuses the nation
of hypocritical commitment to personal freedoms
abroad while discriminating and segregating at
home. Fighting begins among teenagers near a
naval armory with U.S. sailors backing-up white
teenagers. Fighting spreads throughout city. The
following day, federal troops armed with
bayonets help mayor Edward J. Jeffries and
Michigan governor Harry Francis Kelly shut down
Detroit. One month later similar riots erupt in
New York City's West Harlem which require
military control. The Axis Powers claim the
riots show the U.S. is full of social injustice
with gangster capitalistic police.
Chicago opens it first subway after
groundbreaking in 1938. Construction is
accomplished in difficult soft, watery clay
without a single cave-in. Opening ceremony is
held under State Street. People who buy War
Bonds get free rides.
Judy, the Elephant, is transferred from
Brookfield Zoo to Lincoln Park Zoo, but refuses
van transportation and walks the eighteen
wins an Oscar
for Best Picture