B-24 Liberator during a landing. The B-24's were
the first aircraft to carry radar-guided
air-to-surface missiles, known as the Bat. In
April, 1945 a Bat sank a Japanese naval
The Year is 1945 ...
The last major German offensive is stopped with
the end of the Battle of the Bulge, which is
also the biggest battle with U.S. involvement
(December 16, 1944 to January 28, 1945).
Planning for the aftermath of World War II
begins with the meeting of Roosevelt, Churchill,
and Stalin at Yalta in Soviet Crimea (early
February). Roosevelt wants heavy bombing in
Japan to prevent land battle.
Invasion of Iwo Jima (February 19). Battle of
Iwo Jima victory establishes nearby air base of
fighters to escort B-29 bombers coming from
Allied forces cross the Rhine River (early
U.S. air raids over Tokyo causes a firestorm
with widespread destruction (early March).
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies
suddenly of cerebral hemorrhage. Harry S. Truman
takes office (April 12).
UN Conference meetings begin in San Francisco
Adolf Hitler commits suicide as Russians
approach Berlin (April 30).
Germany surrenders (May 7).
Fifty nations sign UN Charter (June 26).
First atomic explosion in test at Alamagordo,
New Mexico (July 16).
Allied leaders meet in Potsdam, near Berlin.
Truman is unhappy with Stalin over government he
set up in Poland and would rather not have
Russia's assistance in war against Japan.
President Truman delivers Potsdam Proclamation
to Japan with a message of impending utter
devastation of Japan's homeland (July 27).
Japan's response is silent contempt.
USS Indianapolis brings the atomic bomb from San
Francisco to the island of Tinian, within air
striking distance of Japan (July 26).
USS Indianapolis is torpedoed by Japanese
submarine I-58 while on voyage from Guam to
Leyte (July 30). USS Indianapolis crew in water
spotted by patrol craft (August 2).
U.S. drops first atomic bomb on Hiroshima from
the B-29 Bomber Enola
Gay piloted by Paul
USS Indianapolis crew members numbering 316 of
1,199 are rescued and rescue operation is
concluded (August 8).
U.S. drops second atomic bomb on Nagasaki
Russia hurries into the fray less than one week
before Japan's surrender, so as to be in at the
Japan surrenders on the day of Russia's
scheduled entrance into the war against Japan.
No military contribution is made by Russia
toward victory over Japan. Prisoners are
surrendered and Russia finds little resistance
in Manchuria and Korea. World War II is
officially over (August 14).
The microwave oven for cooking food is invented
by Percy Spencer (an employee of Raytheon
Corporation), but is not mass-produced until
about 1965 when Raytheon acquires Amana
Television channels and frequencies assigned for
B-25 bomber crashes into Empire State Building
in heavy fog.
The prototype of a computer, the ENIAC
(Electronic Integrator and Computer), is
invented by Dr. John W. Mauchly and John Presper
Eckert, Jr. and weighs 30 tons.
Harry Carey begins his broadcasting career.
World Series: Detroit Tigers beat the
games to 3. Cubs have not been in the World
Series since ...
wins an Oscar
for Best Picture