B-24 Liberator during a landing. The B-24's were the first aircraft to carry radar-guided air-to-surface missiles, known as the Bat. In April, 1945 a Bat sank a Japanese naval destroyer.

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The Year is 1945 ...

The last major German offensive is stopped with the end of the Battle of the Bulge, which is also the biggest battle with U.S. involvement (December 16, 1944 to January 28, 1945).

Planning for the aftermath of World War II begins with the meeting of Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin at Yalta in Soviet Crimea (early February). Roosevelt wants heavy bombing in Japan to prevent land battle.



Invasion of Iwo Jima (February 19). Battle of Iwo Jima victory establishes nearby air base of fighters to escort B-29 bombers coming from Saipon.

Allied forces cross the Rhine River (early March).

U.S. air raids over Tokyo causes a firestorm with widespread destruction (early March).

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies suddenly of cerebral hemorrhage. Harry S. Truman takes office (April 12).

UN Conference meetings begin in San Francisco (April 24).

Adolf Hitler commits suicide as Russians approach Berlin (April 30).

Germany surrenders (May 7).

Fifty nations sign UN Charter (June 26).

First atomic explosion in test at Alamagordo, New Mexico (July 16).

Allied leaders meet in Potsdam, near Berlin. Truman is unhappy with Stalin over government he set up in Poland and would rather not have Russia's assistance in war against Japan. President Truman delivers Potsdam Proclamation to Japan with a message of impending utter devastation of Japan's homeland (July 27).

Japan's response is silent contempt.

USS Indianapolis brings the atomic bomb from San Francisco to the island of Tinian, within air striking distance of Japan (July 26).

USS Indianapolis is torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-58 while on voyage from Guam to Leyte (July 30). USS Indianapolis crew in water spotted by patrol craft (August 2).

U.S. drops first atomic bomb on Hiroshima from the B-29 Bomber
Enola Gay piloted by Paul Tibbets (August 6).

USS Indianapolis crew members numbering 316 of 1,199 are rescued and rescue operation is concluded (August 8).

U.S. drops second atomic bomb on Nagasaki (August 9).

Russia hurries into the fray less than one week before Japan's surrender, so as to be in at the settlement.

Japan surrenders on the day of Russia's scheduled entrance into the war against Japan. No military contribution is made by Russia toward victory over Japan. Prisoners are surrendered and Russia finds little resistance in Manchuria and Korea. World War II is officially over (August 14).

The microwave oven for cooking food is invented by Percy Spencer (an employee of Raytheon Corporation), but is not mass-produced until about 1965 when Raytheon acquires Amana Refrigeration.

Television channels and frequencies assigned for commercial broadcasts.

B-25 bomber crashes into Empire State Building in heavy fog.

The prototype of a computer, the ENIAC (Electronic Integrator and Computer), is invented by Dr. John W. Mauchly and John Presper Eckert, Jr. and weighs 30 tons.

Harry Carey begins his broadcasting career.

World Series: Detroit Tigers beat the
Chicago Cubs 4 games to 3. Cubs have not been in the World Series since ...

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The Lost Weekend
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